Adjectives

russian grammar

Прилагательные

An adjective is a word, which describes a noun or pronoun.

Russian adjectivesПолезные ягоды

Спелая вишня

Красная ягода

Вкусная малина

Чёрная ежевика

generic endings of adjectives
Generic endings of Russian adjectives

Types of Russian adjectives

If we are talking about the meaning there are three types of adjectives in Russian grammar: qualitative adjectives (качественные прилагательные), relative adjectives (относительные прилагательные) and possessive adjectives (притяжательные прилагательные).

Qualitative adjectives describe: size, weight, colour, taste, temperature or different qualities of nouns.

qualitative adjective

Вкусный чай

Relative adjectives denote a feature of an object through its relation to another object (time - ночной поезд (train and night), place - индийский чай (India and tea), the material that an object is made from - деревянный дом (tree and house), action - читальный зал (read and hall), for - детский врач (children and doctor), кухонный стол (table and kitchen)).

Possessive adjectives answer the question 'whose' and indicate belonging to a person or an animal (мамин платок).

Qualitative adjectives

Qualitative adjectives may have two forms - complete (полная форма прилагательного) and short form (краткая форма прилагательного). 

Comparison of Russian adjectives

Adjectives can form the comparative degree (сравнительная степень сравнения) and the superlative degree (превосходная степень сравнения).

Declension

Adjectives in Russian have to agree in gender, case and number (singular, plural) with the noun that they modify.

The declension of qualitative and relative adjectives

declension of russian adjectives
The declension of qualitative and relative adjectives
declension of russian adjective
The declension of qualitative and relative adjectives
russian adjectives declension
The declension of qualitative and relative adjectives




The declension of possessive adjectives

declension possessive adjectives
The declension of possessive adjectives

Adjectives with suffixes ин, ов, ев have no endings when they are in Nominative case (just for masculine). Example - мамин(-) кошелёк.

Russian English Dictionary

In addition, you can expand your vocabulary learning new adjectives. This Russian English dictionary is designed for beginners and many pages contain audio files and sentences.Russian English Dictionary

Russian

Russian for beginners

learn Russian

Russian language